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Panghal

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Panghal (पंघाल)[1][2] Pangal (पंगाल)/(पंगल)[3] Phangal (फंगाल) Fangar (फ़ंगार)Pangal (पंगल)[4] Panghal (पंघल)[5] Panghal (पंघाळ) Pangar (पांगर)[6] Panghar (पांघर)[7] gotra of Jats are found in Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan.[8] As per Bhat records these people spread at different places from village Tosham, the place of their origin, in Haryana. They were supporters of Chauhan Confederacy.

Origin

History

B S Dahiya[11] writes: Pangal are mentioned in Markandeya Purana and also by Varahamihira as Pingalaka.[12] By removing the suffix 'ka' we get the correct clan name as Pingala or Panghal. They have no connection with wings (Pankha) of any bird, as sugsested by Ibbetson.[13] They are now found in Mahindergarh dlstrict of Haryana.

They have been mentioned in Shalya Parva, Mahabharata/Book IX Chapter 44 in shloka 96 as Pingaksha.[14]

They are mentioned in Markandeya Purana and also in Varahamihira as Pingalaka.[15] [16] They are mentioned in the Satapatha Brahmana as Paingya. [17] [18]

Jat clans as described by Megasthenes also includes this clan. Megasthenes writes that after Taxila, Then succeeds a level tract of country known by the general name of Amanda (Manda), Whereof the tribes are four in number inhabiting the area and these are The Peucolaitae (Pangal), Arsagalitae (Asiagh), Geretae (Getae), Asoi (Asiagh)


H.A. Rose[19] writes that the Bagri Jats have certain sections which might appear totemistic, but very rarely is any reverence paid to the totem. Such are :— Pankhal, peacock’s feather, is so called because a Dohan Jat girl had been given in marriage to one Tetha of Tosham. The couple disagreed and Tetha aided by the royal forces attacked the tribe and only those who had placed peacock’s feathers on their heads were spared.

Local tradition

Ramesh Chander Khatkar[20] writes: I belong to Tosham. The village is home of Panghal. (Panghal means from Tosham only) The original gotra of Panghal was Duhan. The gotta name is associated with a story of a prominent Zagirdar/lambardar of the village. He took decision to marry his daughter to his farming helper whose family background was not known. Some say he was a rajput handsome boy of Ratia a nearby village. The villagers opposed and decided to finish the girl,boy and family. The information reached to the girl and so to her father. He proceeded to local Kiledar and sought his army help on the pretext of crushing revolt. While reaching in the village he sent message to the residents those who are opposing him shall be killed others who want to take his side shall be taken care of. And suggested to place a bird feather (Pankh) in the turban to confirm loyalty to Nambardar. This way all citizen not bearing Pankhurst were killed and loyals were spared. These people were demarcated as PANKH WALA LATER ON THIS PANKHWAL PRONOUNCED AS Panghal.

पंघाल गोत्र का इतिहास

पंडित अमीचन्द्र शर्मा[21]ने लिखा है - [p.30]: पंघाल गोत्र के बड़े का नाम थीथा था जो चौहान संघ में था। चौहान संघ मुख्यतया जाट गोत्रों का ही संघ था। वह सांभर के आस-पास किसी ग्राम में रहता था, वहाँ से चलकर तोशाम जिला हिसार (अब भिवानी जिले) में एक टूण गोत्री जाट के घर रहने लगा। थीथा और उस जाट में प्रेम हो गया। थीथा सुंदर और प्रवीण था।


[p.31]: वह जाट वहाँ का नंबरदार था। वह औरंगजेब (1618 – 1707) को ग्रामकर (माल) भरने दिल्ली जाया करता था तब वह थीथा को भी साथ लेजाया करता था। बाद में जाट ने थीथा को ही अपना मुखिया बना लिया और अपनी पुत्री का विवाह उसके साथ कर दिया। अब थीथा की दिल्ली में पहचान हो चुकी थी। जब जाट मर गया तो थीथा के साथ जाट के पुत्रों का विरोध हुआ। जाट के पुत्रों ने थीथा को मारना चाहा। थीथा की स्त्री को नाईन ने यह खबर देदी। थीथा ने दिल्ली जाकर बादशाह औरंगजेब की सहायता ली। बादशाह ने सेनापति भेजकर तूण जाटों पर हमला कर दिया जिसमें कुछ तूण जाट मर गए और कुछ भाग गए।


[p.32]: थीथा ने अपने घर की रक्षा के लिए मोर पक्षियों के पंख का चिन्ह कर दिया था इसलिए थीथा के घर को पंखालय कहा गया और उसकी सन्तानें बाद में पंखाल बोली जाने लगी जिसका रूपांतर पंघाल हो गया। पंघाल जाटों के संघ का वही गोत्र है जो चौहान संघ का पंघाल है। यह विवरण तालू ग्राम के चौधरी पखिरियाराम के पुत्र रामलाल ने लिखाया। वह पंघाल जाट है।

नोट - पंडित अमीचन्द्र शर्मा ने ऊपर टूण गोत्र का उल्लेख किया है। टूण गोत्र जाटों में नहीं होता है। यह संभवत: दूण या दुहण होना चाहिए। भाट द्वारा थीथा के 'मोर पक्षियों के पंख का चिन्ह' का प्रयोग करना यह बताता है कि वह मौर या कोई नागवंशी वंश से होना चाहिए।[22]

Villages founded by Panghal clan

Sub divisions of Chauhan

Bhim Singh Dahiya[23] provides us list of Jat clans who were supporters of the Chauhan when they gained political ascendancy. The Pankhal clan supported the ascendant clan Chauhan and become part of a political confederacy.[24]

Distribution in Uttar Pradesh

Villages in Ghaziabad

Dhindar, Dastoi

Villages in Bulandshahr

Shikhera,

Villages in Meerut

Dabathwa, Nangla Tashi,

Distribution in Rajasthan

Villages in Hanumangarh

Sangariya,

Villages in Tonk district

Pangal Jats live in villages: Rajwas (1),

Distribution in Haryana

There are 124 villags of Panghal gotar in all Haryana.[25]

Villages in Bhiwani district

They are found in Tosham, Kharkari-Makhwan (खरकड़ी-माखवान),Kharkari - Sohan (खरकड़ी सोहान), Kharkari - Jhawri(खरकड़ी-झावरी), Laxmanpura, Baganwala, Sagwan, Alakhpura, Taalu, Dhanana, Kaluwas, Mundhal, Manheru (मानहेरू), Sankror (साँकरोड़ / साकरोड़), Budheri -(Bhiwani),

Villages in Rohtak district

Mayna (मायना), Dobh (डोभ), Farmana (फरमाणा), Garhi Kheddi (गढ़ी खेड़ी) -(Rohtak)],

Villages in Kaithal district

Manas -(Kaithal)],

Villages in Palwal district

In Palwal District total two villages of this gotra and same origin are:

Karwaka, Farezarabad Misa,

Villages in Jind district

Baalak, Bhambhewa, Dablan, Mahendragarh, Nachar Khera,

Villages in Rewari district

Nayagaon - Ghudkawas, Rewari,

Villages in Hisar district

Balak, Bhagana, Panghal Gaon, Ladwa Hisar, Bheriya, Natar Khera, Panihari, Buriya, Badhaya, Dubehenta, Baas Badshapur- Hissar, Saharwa, Sarsod

Villages in Jhajjar district

Dhakla, Sasrauli (Jhajjar),

Villages in Panipat district

Fateybad, Jatol Panipat, Panipat,

Villages in Sonipat district

Safido, Nahra-Nahri, Gumar.

Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Villages in Dhar district

Phangal (फंगाल) Jats live in villages: Sat Talai,

Villages in Shivpuri district

Shivpuri,

Notable persons

  • Balwan Singh - Recipient of Maha Vir Chakra (Kargil War)
  • Dr Prem Kumar Panghal (डॉ प्रेमकुमार पंघाल)
  • Jangbir Singh Panghal (जंगबीर सिंह पंघाल) from Kharkari Makhwan was the first Member elected in 1991 from the Bhiwani constituency.
  • Mr Balwant Panghal Mayna (M L A) 1991, 1996, 2000. elected from Hasangarh (Rohtak).
  • Dharambir Singh Panghal (Taalu)- (M L A) 2000, 2005,2010 elected from Tosham, Badhra-Bhiwani.sohna(Gourgoan). Became member of Lok Sabha in May 2014. Again 2019
  • Mr. Krishan Murari Panghal - Dy. Sp of Police. Home Haryana Govt. 746, Sector-15, Faridabad, Haryana. 011-2280170, 9911107575. (PP-975)
  • Dr. Anil Kr. Panghal - Asstt Prof, HCTM Technical Campus, Kaithal (136027) Haryana
  • Dr. Baljit Singh Panghal, Associate Prof., GNK College, Yamunanagar.
  • Amit Panghal world No.-1 Boxer from village :-. Mayna, District -Rohtak (Haryana) He Becomes First Indian who got silver Medal in Men World Boxing Championship.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amit_Panghal

  • Dr. Ishwar Singh Panghal - Deputy Director, Gold Medalist BVSc 1975 batch Pantnagar university.
  • Rajnarayan Panghal (Freelance Journalist,Covered CWG Gold Coast (Australia), Jakarta(Indonesia)Asian Games, World Boxing Championship (Russia), World Military Games(China). From Village- Mayna, District- Rohtak (Haryana).

References

  1. B S Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), p.241, s.n.168
  2. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. 5
  3. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.47,s.n. 1440
  4. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. प-3
  5. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. प-5
  6. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. प-72
  7. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.47,s.n. 1445
  8. Jat History Thakur Deshraj/Chapter IX,s.n. 56,p-695
  9. Mahendra Singh Arya et al.: Adhunik Jat Itihas, p. 263
  10. Mahendra Singh Arya et al.: Adhunik Jat Itihas, p. 262
  11. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Jat Clan in India,p. 267
  12. Brihat Samhita, IV, 26-27.
  13. Tribes & Castes, Vol. II.
  14. सुविभक्तशरीराश च दीप्तिमन्तः सवलंकृताः पिङ्गाक्षाः शङ्कुकर्णाश च वक्रनासाश च भारत (Mahabharata:IX.44.96)
  15. Brihat Samhita, IV, 26-27
  16. Bhim Singh Dahiya: Jats the Ancient Rulers, p. 267
  17. G.P. Upadhyayas Edition , vol I p.33
  18. Bhim Singh Dahiya, Jats the Ancient Rulers ( A clan study), p. 288
  19. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/J,p.376
  20. https://www.jatland.com/forums/showthread.php/40829-Panghal-gotra-in-muzaffar-nagar-district-U-P
  21. Jat Varna Mimansa (1910) by Pandit Amichandra Sharma, p.30-32
  22. Laxman Burdak (talk) 13:09, 22 July 2017 (EDT)
  23. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Appendices/Appendix I,p.316-17
  24. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/J,p.375-76
  25. 13:33, 25 March 2008 (EDT)Rajnarayan

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