Varaich (वराइच) Waraich (वराइच) Baraich (बराइच)/(बराईच)  Bhraich Bhraich (बहराइच) Varaish (वराइश) Waraish (वराइश)  Bharais (भराईस) Bharaich (भड़ाईच)/Bharaich (भराईच) Barayach is gotra of Jats found in Punjab, India and Pakistan. They are known as Balaecha, Bharaecha, Bahrechi, Bahraech in Afghanistan.
- 1 Origin
- 2 Villages founded by Varaich
- 3 History
- 4 H A Rose's account
- 5 Bharaich khap
- 6 Distribution in Uttar Pradesh
- 7 Distribution in Rajasthan
- 8 Distribution in Punjab
- 9 Distribution in Pakistan
- 10 Notable persons from this clan
- 11 See also
- 12 References
Villages founded by Varaich
- Kunjah - 12 kilometers from Gujarat, on the road to Phalia in Pakistan. According to Prof. B.S. DhillonIt was founded by a person called Jethu Varaich.
Bhim Singh Dahiya writes: They are also mentioned as Varisha. Sabha Parva mentions a sea near the country of Varisha. We have taken Varaish and Varaich as one clan, though Tribes and Castes mentions them separately. Atharva Veda mentions them as a people and Chhandogya Upanished says that a place called Raikkaparna is situated in the land of Mahavrishas. Jaiminiya Upanishad Brahmana mention a king Hritsavashya, a king of the Mahavrishas. Rig Veda mentions a king Daivata, of Sarangya clan who was victorious over the Varichirichi (Vantas).
Kunjah: As per Hari Ram Gupta  and British Gujarat (Punjab district) Gazetteer - 168 (1892-93), this town now located in Pakistan is, 12 kilometers from Gujarat, on the road to Phalia. It was founded by a person called Jethu Varaich. It is likely that the word "Jethu" probably is "Jathu" or Jat, "Varaich" is a common current Jat clan name .
H. W. Bellew  writes that The Baloch were originally the Rajput Balaecha and occupied the Kharan country adjoining their fellow tribesmen the Rajput Bharaecha (now represented in Afghanistan by the Bahrechi of Shorawak), both being clans of the great Chahuman, or Chohan, Agnikula. The latter have established some important and extensive colonies in India, and have given their name to a district (Bahraech) in Oudh; the Nuwwabship of Jhajjar (Delhi district) was another colony of this tribe, the late chief of which, a Bahraechi Pathan, was executed for his treachery in the Indian Mutiny of 1857. We shall speak of the Baloch later on, but must here notice such of their nationality as are now found within the area above assigned to the Dadikai, First, however, it will be convenient to dispose of the Bahrechi in Shorawak of Afghanistan.
H A Rose's account
- (i) One Bukan Jat was a devotee of Sakhi Sarwar who one day said to him tujhe piri di, 'the saint's mouth has fallen on thee', whence the name Pirhai.
- (ii) Another account says that after leaving Dhaunkal, Sakhi Sayyid Ahmad went to Multan and rested for a while at Parahin, a place south of Shahkot, which was the home of his mother's ancestors, Rihan Jats by caste. At Multan an Afghan chief had a daughter to whose hand many of the Shahkot youths aspired, but none were deemed
- † The form Pirhain is said to be in use in Saharanpur. The word pariah is also said to mean drummer and is possibly connected with Bharai - Crooke : Things Indian
[Page-85]: worthy. One day, however, the Afghan invited Sayyid Ahmad to a feast and begged him to accept his daughter in marriage. This offer the saint accepted, and the sihra below, which was composed on this occasion, is still sung with great reverence. The mirasi, however, neglected to attend the wedding punctually, and when he did appear, rejected the saint's present of a piece of blue cloth, 1-1/4 yards in length, at the instigation of the Jats and Pathans, saying it was of no use to him. Hearing this the , Sayyid gave it to Shaikh Buddha, a Jat who had been brought up with him, saying : "This is a bindi (badge), tie it round your head, and beat a drum. We need no mirasi, and when yon are in any difficulty remember me in these words : — Daimji Rabdia sawāria, bohar Kali Kakki-wādlia — Help me in time of trouble, thou owner of Kali Kakki ! You and your descendants have come under our protection, panāh, and you shall be called pāndhi." This term became corrupted into Parahin in time. Thus the account contradicts itself, as the name is said to be derived from Parahin, a place.
The term Bharai itself is usually derived from chauhi bharnā, lit. 'to keep a vigil,' in which are sung praises of the Sakhi. But another and less simple account says that owing to his marriage Sayyid Ahmad incurred the enmity of the Jats and Pathans of Shahkot and left that place for Afghanistan, accompanied by Bibi Bai, Rānā Mian, and his younger brother. Twenty-five miles from Dera Ghazi Khan they halted. No water was to be found, so the Sayyid mounted his mare Kali Kakki and at every step she took water came up. His pursuers, however, were close at hand, and when they overtook him the Sakhi was slain, and buried where he fell. The spot is known as Nigaha and still abounds in springs.
Years after Isa, a merchant of Bokhara, and a devotee of Sakhi Sarwar, was voyaging in the Indian Ocean when a storm arose. Isa invoked the saint's aid and saved the ship. On landing he journeyed to Multan where he learnt that the saint had been killed. On reaching Nigaha he found no traces of his tomb, but no fire could be kindled on the spot, and in the morning as they loaded the camels their legs broke. Sakhi Sarwar descended from the hill on his mare, holding a spear in his hand, and warned the merchant that he had desecrated his tomb and must rebuild it at a cost of 1-1/4 lakhs. He was then to bring a blind man, a leper, and an eunuch* from Bokhara and entrust its supervision to them. One day when the blind man stumbled near the tomb he saved himself by clutching at some kahi grass where-upon his sight was restored and his descendants are still known as the Kahi. The eunuch was also cured and his descendants are called Shaikh. The leper too recovered, and his descendants, the Kalang, are still found in Nigaha. To commemorate their cures all three beat a drum, and Sakhi Sarwar appeared to them, saying ; "He who is my follower will ever beat the drum and remain barahi,† 'sound,' nor will he ever lack anything." Hence the pilgrims to Nigaha became known as Bharais.
- * For eunuchs as attendants at shrines see Burton's Pilgrimage to Medina and Mecca Vol. I, p. 371.
- *Cf. Bhara in the phrase raho hara bhara, ' remain green and prosperous or fruitful ' P.Dy., p. 430.
[Page-86]: Strictly speaking the Bharais do not form a caste, but an occupational group or spiritual brotherhood which comprises men of many castes, Dogar, Habri, Rawat, Dum, Rajput, Mochi, Gujar, Tarkhan and last, but not least, Jat. They belong to the Muhammadan religion, but in marriage they follow the Hindu customs. Thus a Jat Bharai may only marry a Jat woman, and in Kangra, it is said, she too must be a Bharai. In Ambala, however, a Bharai may marry any Jatni, and in Kapurthala it is said that, being Muhammadans, marriage within the got is permitted, and that; Rajput Bharais may take wives from Jat Bharais. There appears indeed to be no absolute or even general rule, but the tendency apparently is for the Bharais recruited from any one caste to form a separate caste of Bharais, marrying only in that caste, e.g., in Ludhidna the Jat Bharai only marries a Bharai Jatni, and the gots avoided are the same as among the Jats. The Jat Bharais are numerous. They claim descent from one Garba Jat, a Hindu attendant at Sakhi Sarwar's shrine, who was in a dream bidden by the saint to embrace Islam. On conversion he was called Shaikh Garba. The Jat Bharais have several gots: — Dhillon, Deo, Rewal Garewal, Man, Randhawa, Jham, Karhi and Badecha.
Distribution in Uttar Pradesh
Villages in Saharanpur district
Distribution in Rajasthan
Villages in Hanumangarh district
Distribution in Punjab
Villages in Patiala district
Villages in Amritsar district
Villages in Gurdaspur district
Villages in Ludhiana district
Villages in Ludhiana district
Distribution in Pakistan
Waraich - The Waraich are said to be of Chauhan Rajput ancestry. They are found in Gujrat, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Lahore, Sargodha and Faisalabad districts. Prior to partition, they were also found in Amritsar, Gurdaspur and Jalandhar districts.
According to 1911 census the Waraich were the principal Muslim Jat clan in districts:
- Sialkot District - Waraich (5,917)
- Gujranwala District - Waraich (9,510)
- Lahore District - Waraich (357)
- Amritsar District - Waraich (492)
- Gurdaspur District - Waraich (2,512)
- Gujrat District - Waraich (41,557)
- Shahpur (Sargodha District) District - Waraich (3,483)
- Lyalpur District (Faisalabad District) - Waraich (3,443)
Notable persons from this clan
- Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi
- Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain
- Rahmat Khan (Varaich) - who captured Gujrat Fort.
- Hafij Barkhardar - Bharaich Gotra (Pakistan) हाफीज बरखुरदार - भराइच गोत्री (पाकिस्तान)
- Bahadur Sardar Jwala Singh of Jharauli, Waraich - Jat, From Karnal district was in the List of Punjab Chiefs.
- Sadar Rajwant Singh of Ruriala, Waraich - Jat, From Gujranwala district was in the List of Punjab Chiefs of Pakistan.
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