Bastar

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Author of this article is Laxman Burdak लक्ष्मण बुरड़क
Map of Bastar district

Bastar is district in Chhattisgarh. Jagdalpur is the District and Divisional Headquarter. Bastar District has an area of 4029.98 km².

Location

The District is surrounded by Kondagaon, Sukma, Dantewada , Bijapur Districts of Chhattisgarh. On the east by Nabarangpur and Koraput districts of Odisha state. On the west by Gadchiroli District of Maharashtra state.

People - Of the total population more than 70 per cent are tribal people like Gond Tribe, Maria, Muria ,Dhruva, Bhatra, Halba Tribe, etc.

Tahsils in Bastar district

It has Seven Tahsils Namely Jagdalpur ,Bastar, Bastanar , Bakawand, Darbha, Tokapal , Lohandiguda. Bastar District is divided into Seven Blocks namely Jagdalpur ,Bastar, Bastanar , Bakawand, Darbha, Tokapal , Lohandiguda. The Land of Tribals and Natural Resources, is also enriched with natural beauty and pleasant atmosphere. It is surrounded with dense forests, hilly mountains, streams, waterfalls, natural caves, natural parks etc. Here the art & culture are the valuable ancient properties of the Bastariyas.

Villages in Keshkal tahsil

Aamaguhan, Aanori, Adanbeda, Adenga, Amgaon, Arandi, Badagaon, Badbattar, Badekhauli, Baderajpur, Badwar, Baijanpuri, Balenga, Baniyagaon, Banskot, Bastar Budra, Batrali, Bavnimari, Bayalpur, Bedma, Bedmamari, Belgoan, Bhandarpal, Bhatgaon, Binjhe, Bitalkhauli, Borgaon, Buikijuganar, Charbhata, Cherabeda, Chhindli, Chhotemalgaon, Chhoterajpur, Chichadi, Chiprel, Churegaon, Dadargadh, Dhamanpuri, Dhanora, Dhodera, Dhonderapal, Dundabedma, Eragaon, Gaddad, Gamhari, Garawandi, Garh Siliyara, Garhdhanora, Ghodajhar, Girgoli, Gourgoan Chikhaladih, Govindpur, Halda, Halia, Harwankodo, Harwel, Hatma, Hichka, Honawandi, Honehed, Hudawa, Jamgaon, Jarandi, Jodekera, Kalepal, Kalgaon, Kalgaon(Kalepal), Kanagaon, Karmari, Karmari, Karrarmeta, Kawagaon, Keshkal, Khajrawand, Khalari, Khalebendi, Khalechandeli, Khalemurvend, Khetarpal, Kibda, Kodobhat, Kohkameta, Kongera, Kopra, Korahobeda, Korgaon, Korgaon, Korkoti, Kosmi, Kothodi, Koundkera, Kudadwahi, Kukdadah, Kuldadihi, Kumud, Kupagondi, Kurrubhat, Kuye, Lihagaon, Machhali, Madgaon, Mahurbeda, Mainpur, Manikpur, Manjhicherra, Marangpuri, Masukokoda, Matenga, Middey, Modoki (Khargaon), Nalajhar, Narwa, Naukabeda, Nawagarh, Nayanar, Nirachhindali, Padde, Padoki, Palana, Palora, Parali, Parasgaon (Murnar), Parond, Pendrawand, Pidhapal, Pipra, Pitechunwa, Pradhancherra, Randha, Raobeda, Salebhat, Salebhat, Salna, Sargipal, Sargipal, Sawala, Sawalwahi, Sendurmeta, Seonipal, Sidhawand, Sikagaon, Silati, Singanpur, Sonpur, Surdongar, Taraibeda (Harwel), Tenwasa, Timdi, Titirwand, Todasi, Toskapal, Tumuskonadi, Tutari, Udidgaon, Umaradah, Umla, Undari, Uparbedi, Uparchandeli, Uparmurvend, Vishrampuri,

Villages in Kondagaon tahsil

Adnar, Adwal, Adwal, Ahara, Ahkali, Almer, Alor, Amgaon, Amgaon, Amrawati, Amrawati, Anantpur, Arandwal, Arangula, Arla, Babai, Badagaon, Badalur, Bade Odagaon, Badebanjoda, Badebendri, Badebhirawand, Badedongar, Badeghodasara, Badekanera, Badekurusnar, Badeusari, Badgai, Badgaon, Badko, Badra, Bafana, Bagbeda, Bail, Bakhara, Balond, Bamhani, Banchapai, Bang Gaon, Bangoli, Baniyagaon, Banjoda, Banjugani, Bansgaon, Bansirsi, Barda, Barkai, Bawadi, Bayanar, Becha, Bedagaon, Bedesohnga, Belgaon, Belgaon, Belondi, Benbeda, Bhagdeva, Bhandarseoni, Bhandarwandi, Bhanpuri, Bhatgaon, Bhatwa, Bhiragaon, Bhiragaon, Bhiragaon, Bhiranda, Bhogadi, Bhongapal, Bhumka, Bijapur, Binjoli, Biwala, Bokarabeda, Bolbola, Borgaon, Borgaon, Botha, Botha-Urf Kariyakata, Botiknera, Budra, Bunagaon, Chalka, Chamai, Chandabeda, Chandabelgaon, Chandagaon, Changor, Chaniyagaon, Charkai, Chaudang, Cheemdi, Chema, Cherang, Chhatodi, Chhinari, Chhindali, Chhindlibeda, Chhote Salna, Chhote Odagaon, Chhotebanjoda, Chhotebhirawand, Chhoteghodsara, Chhotekurusnar, Chhotesohnga, Chhoteusari, Chichadi, Chichdongari, Chichpolang, Chikhalputi, Chilputi, Chingnar, Chipawand, Chotekodar, Churegaon, Chyanar, Dadhiya, Dahikonga, Dandwan, Dawade, Deodongar, Deogaon, Deoharduli, Deokhargaon, Deurbal, Dewgaon Beda, Dhansuli, Dharli, Diganar, Dongar Silati, Dongarigura, Dudhgaon, Engra, Farasgaon, Farasgaon, Farasgaonkasai, Fukkagirola, Funder, Fupgaon, Futanchandgaon, Gadhan Tarai, Gangara, Gare, Gattipalna, Gawadi, Ghodagaon, Girola, Godema, Gohada, Golawand, Guhaborand, Gulbha, Gumdi, Gumdi, Hadeli, Hadigaon, Hadkali, Handapal, Hangwa, Hasalnar, Hasel, Hatchapai, Hirapur, Hirawandi, Hirlabhat, Hirri, Hukkabedapathari, Indagaon, Isalnar, Jaitpuri, Jamgaon, Jarandi, Jarebendri, Jarkonga, Jhankari, Jhara, Joba, Jodanra, Jodenga, Jogi Alwad, Juganikalar, Jungdai, Kabonga, Kachora, Kadenar, Kakar Gaon, Kakodajaganar, Kalawand, Kamela, Kanga, Kanhargaon, Karagaon, Karandi, Karanji, Karanpur, Karathiallwar, Karmari, Karsing, Katagaon, Kawra, Keelam, Kehlakot, Kejang, Keoti, Kerawahai, Khachagaon, Khadpadi, Khandam, Khandsara, Khodsanar, Khudi, Kirmari, Kivaibalega, Kodagaon, Kohkadi, Kokodi, Kokodi, Kokodi, Kolanga, Konda Gaon, Kondabeda, Kondagaon (M), Kondapakhana, Kongera, Kongud, Korai, Korhobeda, Kormel, Korrabadgaon, Kosagaon, Kosaharduli, Kotebel, Kotpad, Kudhur, Kukargarkapal, Kulanar, Kulhadgaon, Kuljhar, Kumharbadgaon, Kurloobahar, Kusma, Labha, Lakhanpuri, Lakhapuri, Lanjoda, Lubha, Madagaon, Madagaon, Madanar, Madhanar, Madkada, Madodha, Mageda, Mainpur, Makadi, Malakot, Malgaon, Malnar, Mangwal, Manjhiathagaon, Manjhiborand, Mankadi, Maragaon, Mardapal, Markapal, Masora, Matwal, Mayur Dongar, Mendpal, Mirminda, Misari, Mode, Mode Bedma, Modenga, Mohlai, Mohlai, Mohpal, Mugali, Mulmula, Mulnar, Mungapadar, Mungwal, Nagari, Nahkanar, Nalajhar, Nariha, Nawagaon, Neota, Net, Newara, Nilji, Odargaon, Ondari, Otenda, Padeli, Padnar, Painsara, Pala, Palari, Palli, Palna, Pandeathgaon, Paroda, Paroda, Pasangi, Patla, Patoda, Pawdha, Permapal, Pidhapal, Pohmar, Polang, Pungarpal, Pusapal, Pusawand, Puspal, Radhana, Rajagaon, Rakas Beda, Rakasmeta, Ranapal, Randhana, Rengagondi, Sadadi, Sambalpur, Sandsa, Sarbeda, Satgaon, Seoni, Shampur, Shankarpur, Sidhawand, Silati, Singanpur, Singarpuri, Sirpur, Sirsiklar, Sitali, Sodhma, Sodma, Sodseoni, Sohanga, Sonabal, Sonabera, Sukurpal, Takapal, Tamra Wand, Tarai Beda, Targaon, Tatadi, Tauranga, Tedmunda, Telanga, Temrugaon, Themgaon, Timenar, Titna, Todam, Torand, Torondi, Totar, Toyapal, Tumdiwal, Turki, Turrebeda, Udenga, Ulera, Umargaon, Umargaon, Umargaon, Ureedgaon, Urendabeda, Usari,

Villages in Narayanpur tahsil

Aadermad, Aadimpar, Aadpal, Aalnar, Aamasara, Aamgaon, Aatargaon, Acheli, Adnar, Ajrail, Akkabeda, Alwar Alias Gattakal, Bade Jamhari, Bade Tondabeda, Badebedkot, Badgaon, Badkanar, Bagdongri, Bagjhar, Bakoor, Bakulwahi, Balebeda Urf Palemeta, Bamhani, Banhker, Banspal, Basing, Bawadi, Bayonar, Becha, Bedma, Bedmakot, Belgaon, Benoor, Bharanda, Bhatpal, Bhiragaon, Bhurwal, Bijlee, Bilelar, Binagunda, Bogan, Borand, Boranirpi, Borawand, Borgaon, Borpal, Botha, Brehabeda, Brehbeda, Brehbeda, Brehebeda, Brehebeda, Chalcher, Chameli, Chandagaon, Chhinari, Chhindpur, Chhote Tondabeda, Chhotebade Kot (Mar), Chhotedongar, Chhotesuhnar, Chihra, Chiprel, Dandwan, Deogaon, Dhanora, Dhobe, Dhodai, Dhoderbeda, Dhondarbeda, Dhurbeda, Dhuta, Dhuta, Dodage, Dudmi, Dugabengal, Dumnar, Edangpal, Edka, Ehnar, Ekodi, Erko, Farasbeda, Farasgaon, Gadawahi, Garanji, Garawand, Garbeda Alias Harimarka, Gardapal, Garhbengal, Garpa, Gattakal, Gaurdand, Ghamandi, Godelmarka, Gohda, Gomagal, Gome, Gongla, Gongla, Gotabenoor, Gotajamhari, Gudadi, Gulumkodo, Gumchur, Gumiabeda, Gumiyapal, Gumiyapal, Gummarka, Gumter Alias Jaiger, Guner, Gurdai, Guriya, Gurmanjur, Guttakal, Guttapal, Hachekoti (Mad), Halamimunmeta, Hamokal, Harbel, Harimarka, Hasnar, Hetalnar, Hikmeta, Hikohnar, Hikonar, Hikpad, Hikpulla, Hirangenar, Hirgai, Hitulwad, Hodnar, Horadi, Idnar, Irakbhatti, Irpanar, Irpanar, Japgunda, Jatawar, Jhara, Jhara, Jharawahi, Jharawahi, Jhorigaon, Jiwlapadar, Jubada, Kachchapal, Kachora, Kader, Kadhagaon, Kakhoor, Kalepal, Kalmanar, Kanagaon, Kanagaon, Kandadi, Kanera, Kanera, Kangali, Kanhargaon, Kapsi, Karalkha, Karkabeda, Karlapal, Karmari, Kasturmeta, Kasturwad, Kawanar, Khadaka Gaon, Khadakagaon, Khadakagaon, Khairabhat, Khargaon, Khodepar, Khodgaon, Khodpar, Khudpai, Kochwahi, Kodaliyar, Kodegaon, Kodenar, Kodher, Kodhur, Kodkanar, Kodnar, Kodnar Alais Ghodagaon, Kodoli, Kodoli, Kodoli, Kodonar, Kohka Meta, Kohkapar, Kokodi, Kokpad, Koliyari, Kondahur, Kondakoti, Kongali, Konge, Kongera, Konje, Koramkodo, Koraskodo, Korenda, Kosalnar, Kostadi, Kostamarka, Kotenar, Kudhargaon, Kudmel, Kukdajhor, Kulanar, Kumhali, Kumhari Chotta, Kumharibada, Kumnar, Kumnar, Kundala, Kurusnar, Kurusnar Alais (Khargao), Kutul, Kutulnar, Lalsuhnar, Madagada, Madamnar, Madohnar, Mahimagawadi, Mahka, Mahka, Mahkanar, Malechur, Malingnar, Malmeta, Mandali, Mandoki, Mardel, Markabeda, Markabeda, Markabeda, Marknar, Markud, Maspi, Maspur, Matawand Bagbeda, Matla, Medanar Alias Nedonar, Mendadongari, Metabeda, Michbeda, Mohandi, Moksul, Moraskodo, Mundpal, Mungbeda, Murhapadar, Murnar, Mursul Napa, Musparsi, Mutenadi, Muttentoda, Narayanpur, Naumunjmeta, Nayanar, Nednar, Nelangur, Nelnar, Nelwad, Netanar, Nirameta, Odachapar, Okpad, Orchha, Orchha Korai, Orchhameta, Padamkot, Padnar, Palahur, Palki, Palli, Pangud, Panigaon, Paralbhat, Paralbhat, Pariadi, Parpa, Paturbeda, Pharasgaon, Pungarpal, Pusagaon, Rajpur, Ranimarka, Rawnadi, Raynar, Raynar Alias Matbeda, Remawand, Rengabeda, Rengabeda, Rotad, Sargipal, Sargipal, Seoni, Sirpur, Sitapal, Sonapal, Sonpur, Sulanga, Sulenga, Supgaon, Tadanar (Markadabeda), Tadobeda, Tadogunda, Tadohur, Tadonar, Tadonar, Tadopal, Tahkadond, Taragaon, Tekameta, Tekanar, Telsi, Temargoan, Temrugaon, Terdul, Timnar, Tirdul, Tirkanar, Toke, Toyameta, Toyameta, Toynar, Tudako, Tumiradi, Turtha, Turusmeta, Udidgaon, Umargaon, Usebeda, Wadapenda, Wala,

History

Traditionally the area is mentioned as Dandakaranya in the epic Ramayana, and part of the Kosala Kingdom in the Mahabharata. Around 450 AD, Bastar state was ruled by Nala King, Bhavadatta Varman, who is mentioned to have invaded the neighboring Vakataka kingdom, during the reign of its King, Narendrasena (440-460)

The princely state of Bastar was established around 1324 AD, when Annama Deva, brother of the last Kakatiya King, Pratapa Rudra Deva (r. 1290-1325), left Warangal and established his kingdom at Bastar under the tutelage of local goddess, 'Dantheshwari', who still is the tutelary deity of Bastar region, her famous Dantheshwari Temple stands today at Danthewada, also named after her.

Annama Deva ruled till 1369 when he was followed successively by Hamir Deva (r. 1369-1410), Bhaitai Deva (1410–1468), Purushottama Deva (1468–1534) and Pratapa Raja Deva (1602–1625) after which the Bastar branch of the dynasty became extinct in the third generation with Dikpala Deva (1680–1709), after which a descendant of the younger brother of Prataparaja Deva, Rajapala Deva became the next King in 1709. Rajapala Deva had two wives, first a Baghela Princess, married, who had a son, Dakhin Singh, secondly, a Chandela Princess, who has two sons, Dalapati Deva and Pratap.Trouble however struck again when after the death of Rajapala Deva in 1721, the elder queen ousted other claimants and placed her brother on the throne of Bastar, Dalapati Deva took refuge in the neighboring kingdom of [[Jeypore and finally regained his throne a decade later in 1731. ]] Its capital was Jagdalpur, where Bastar royal palace built by its ruler, when its capital was shifted here from old capital Bastar.

Later at some point in the 15th century Bastar was divided into two kingdoms, one based in Kanker and the other ruled from Jagdalpur. The present Halba Tribe claims to descend from the military class of these kingdoms.

Until the rise of the Marathas, the state remained fairly independent until 18th century. In 1861, Bastar became part of the newly formed Central Provinces and Barer, and in 1863, after years of feud, over the Kotapad region, it was given over to the neighboring Jeypore state in 1863, on the condition of payment of tribute of Rs. 3,000, two-thirds of which sum was remitted from the amount payable by Bastar. By virtue of this arrangement the tribute of Bastar was, reduced to a nominal amount.

Pravir Chandra Bhanj Deo (1929–1966), the 20th and the last ruling head of the Bastar state, ascended the throne in 1936, before it acceded to India in 1948 during the political integration of India.Maharaja pravir Chandra Bhanj Deo was immensely popular among the tribal.

Bastar and Dantewada districts were formerly part of the princely state of Bastar during the British Rule. It was founded in the early 14th century, by Annama Deva, the brother of Kakatiya king Pratapa Rudra Deva of Warangal (Telangana). After Indian independence in 1947, the princely states of Bastar and Kanker acceded to the Government of India, and were merged to form Bastar District of Madhya Pradesh state.

In 1999, the district was divided into the present-day districts of Bastar, Dantewada, and Kanker, and in 2012 it was divided in one more district named as Kondagaon which constitute Bastar Division. In 2000, Bastar was one of the 16 Madhya Pradesh districts that formed a part of the new state of Chhattisgarh.

Bastar is famous for its traditional Dasara (Dussera) festival.

Nagavanshi History

Dr Naval Viyogi[1] writes .... Bastar, the ex-feudatory state in the south-east corner of the central province, was ruled by a Naga-dynasty, whilst most Gond chiefs in the same province likewise pretend to have descended from the Nagvansa.[2]

Placesof tourist Importance

Bastar Nagavamshi inscriptions

Source – Epigraphia Indica Vol. IX (1907-08): A S I, Edited by E. Hultzsoh, Ph.D. & Sten Konow, Ph.D.,pp. p.163

Of the remaining five Nagavanshi inscriptions it has not yet been possible to obtain good impressions. They are all in Telugu. The Potinar slab seems to refer to Narasimhadeva and the Dantewara stone lying outside the Dantesrari temple to Jayasimhadeva. The Bhairamgarh inscription contains birudas similar to those found in the Barsur one, and the king is stated in both to be the worshipper of Manikyadevi (Sri-Mānikyadevi-divya-sripāda-padm-ārādhaka), which is an older name of Dantesvari, so named by the successors of the Nagavanshis, the Kakatiyas, although the latter claim that Dantesvari came with them from Warangal, where she was called Manikyesvari. This inscription is incomplete and it appears that it was never completed. The Bhairamgudi inscription at Dantewara appears to be the oldest of all, as its date appears to be Saka 984. The Gaḍia inscription, apparently of Somesvaradeva's time, contains the usual figures of the cow and calf, Sun and Moon, Siva, etc., the peculiar signs of the Nagavanshi kings, although they do not seem to refer to their family crests. They are all picture imprecations. The sun and moon represent that the grant is to last as long as these luminaries endure. Siva is the protector against violation of the grant on the spiritual side, and the dagger and shield of the king on the temporal. The cow and calf depict the grave sgin which the transgressor would commit, exactly equal to taking away the cow from the calf. This interpretation is supported by the fact that the Kuruspal inscription, has a representation of an ass associating with a pig, the imprecation being explained in the text thus, Jo (yo) anyathā karoti tasya pitā gardabhah sukari mātā (he who acts otherwise has for his father an ass and for his mother a pig.)

From these inscriptions it would appear that Bastar, which has been held to have always been the home of wild animals, with almost wilder tribes, was once ruled by a people who are civilization is sufficiently evidenced by the remains of temples, some of which are of great architectural beauty. These inscriptions carry the history of Bastar back to the eleventh century A.D., when at least the central portion of the State was ruled by the Nagavanshi kings. They apparently belonged to the Sinda family of Yelburga, whose titles are strikingly identical with those of the Bastar Nagavanshi kings. Dr. Fleet states that there appear to have been more branches than one of this family. One of these was that of Bastar, which has been hitherto unknown. These inscriptions disclose the names of five or six different kings, vis., Dhārāvarsha, his eon Somesvaradeva, and his grandson Kanharadeva, Jayasimhadeva, Narasimhadeva, and a possible Somsvara II. In view of the fact that half the inscriptions relating to these kings have not yet been deciphered owing to their incompleteness or want of proper impressions, we reserve a fuller discussion of the history of these kings for another occasion.

Jat gotras

Notable persons

External links

References


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